Sunday, 9 October 2011

Tugasan Terbaru!!!!!!!

History of Open Source
I'd like to tell you a story about history of open source is the concept of open source and the free sharing of technological information existed long before computers. For example, cooking recipes have been shared since the beginning of human culture. Open source can pertain to businesses and to computers, software and technology.

In the early years of automobile development, a group of capital monopolist owned the rights to a 2-cycle gasoline engine patent originally filed by George B. Selden.By controlling this patent, they were able to monopolize the industry and force car manufacturers to adhere to their demands, or risk a lawsuit. In 1911, independent automaker Henry Ford won a challenge to the Selden patent. The result was that the Selden patent became virtually worthless and a new association (which would eventually become the Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association) was formed.The new association instituted a cross-licensing agreement among all US auto manufacturers: although each company would develop technology and file patents, these patents were shared openly and without the exchange of money between all the manufacturers.By the time the US entered World War 2, 92 Ford patents and 515 patents from other companies were being shared between these manufacturers, without any exchange of money (or lawsuits).
Very similar to open standards, researchers with access to Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) used a process called Request for Comments to develop telecommunication network protocols. This collaborative process of the 1960s led to the birth of the Internet in 1969.
Early instances of open source and free software include IBM's source releases of its operating systems and other
 programs in the 1950s and 1960s, and the SHARE user group that formed to facilitate the exchange of software.
In a foreshadowing of the Internet, software with source code included became available on BBS networks in the 1980s. This was sometimes a necessity; software written in BASIC and otherinterpreted languages could only be distributed as source code, and much of it was freeware. When people began gathering such source code, and setting up boards specifically to discuss its modification, this was a de-facto open source system.
One of the most obvious examples of this is one of the most-used BBS systems and networks, WWIV, developed initially in BASIC by Wayne Bell. A culture of "modding" his software, and distributing the mods, grew up so extensively that when the software was ported to first Pascal, then C++, its source code continued to be distributed to registered users, who would share mods and compile their own versions of the software. This may have contributed to its being a dominant system and network, despite being outside the Fidonet umbrella that was shared by so many other BBS makers.
Open source on the Internet began when the Internet was relatively primitive, with software distributed via UUCPUsenet, and irc, and gopher. Linux, for example, was first widely distributed by posts to comp.os.linux on the Usenet, which is also where its development was discussed. Linux became the archetype for organized open source development, in general.
As the Internet grew, open source-style software progressed to more advanced presentation and sharing forms through the World Wide Web (of which gopher was a precursor). There are now many Web sites, organizations and businesses that promote the open-source sharing of everything from computer code to mechanics of improving a product, technique, or medical advancement.
The label “open source” was adopted by some people in the free software movement at a strategy session held at Palo Alto, California, in reaction to Netscape's January 1998 announcement of a source code release for Navigator. The group of individuals at the session included Christine Peterson who suggested “open source”, Todd Anderson, Larry AugustinJon Hall, Sam Ockman, Michael Tiemann and Eric S. Raymond. Over the next week, Raymond and others worked on spreading the word. Linus Torvalds gave an all-important sanction the following day. Phil Hughes offered a pulpit inLinux JournalRichard Stallman, pioneer of the free software movement, flirted with adopting the term, but changed his mind.Those people who adopted the term used the opportunity before the release of Navigator's source code to free themselves of the ideological and confrontational connotations of the term "free software". Netscape released its source code under the Netscape Public License and later under the Mozilla Public License.
The term was given a big boost at an event organized in April 1998 by technology publisher Tim O'Reilly. Originally titled the “Freeware Summit” and later known as the “Open Source Summit”,The event brought together the leaders of many of the most important free and open-source projects, including Linus Torvalds, Larry WallBrian BehlendorfEric AllmanGuido van RossumMichael TiemannPaul VixieJamie Zawinski of Netscape, and Eric Raymond. At that meeting, the confusion caused by the name free software was brought up. Tiemann argued for “sourceware” as a new term, while Raymond argued for “open source.” The assembled developers took a vote, and the winner was announced at a press conference that evening. Five days later, Raymond made the first public call to the free software community to adopt the new term.The Open Source Initiative was formed shortly thereafter.
Starting in the early 2000s, a number of companies began to publish a portion of their source code to claim they were open source, while keeping key parts closed. This led to the development of the now widely used terms free open-source software and commercial open-source software to distinguish between truly open and hybrid forms of open source.

  How to promote and develop interest for other people to use open source software

mMy we are opinion is the Open Source refers to any program whose source code is made available for use or modification as users or other developers see fit.many ways that you can fan of open source. here we suggest some ways for readers to learn about open source:
between methods that can be known:

  • Using The Manual :-


  • To Study The Applications In Linux
  • The Difference between the Window Interface

  • For Example in Linux are :-
  1. Open Office 

      2.  GIMP 

Suggest name of blog and forums that discuss about open source.

Saturday, 6 August 2011


1.All about open source software?
-Open-source software (OSS) is computer software that is available in source code form: the source code and certain other rights normally reserved for copyright holders are provided under a software license that permits users to study, change, improve and at times also to distribute the software.
Open Source Definition. Some open source software is available within the public domain.
Open source software is very often developed in a public, collaborative manner. Open-source software is the most prominent example of open-source development and often compared to (technically defined) user-generated content or (legally defined) open content movements.
A report by Group states that adoption of open-source software models has resulted in savings of about $60 billion per year to consumers.
2.Advantages of the Open Source Software?
-The primary advantage is that you can maintain the software yourself if you have to. If a bug is discovered and you need a fix immediately, you can just fix it. If you're having difficulty with the software, you can actually look at the source to figure out what the program expects or why it's doing what it's doing.
- For example, many open source programs are free,
3.Discussion the term FREE in open source software?
-Free/Open Source Software (FOSS) is software that can be used, copied, studied, modified and redistributed without restriction. These freedoms that are for all – developers and users – are highly significant to the developing world as FOSS increases access, ownership and control of information and communication technologies. It provides a framework for the usage and sharing of intellectual capital in a way that is applicable to many areas of development. The adoption of FOSS presents opportunities for industry and capacity development, software piracy reduction, and localization and customization for diverse cultural and development needs.

Wednesday, 27 July 2011

memperkenalkan ahli group..terbaekuntukosos

                                                     Nadzirah binti othman

NO. MATRIK:                 10QIP10F2046
KELAS:                        QIP 5A
TARIKH LAHIR:              03/02/1989
TEMPAT LAHIR:              KEDAH
CITA-CITA:                   PEREKA GRAFIK
HOBI:                          MENULIS DAN MEMBACA
                                       NORSHILA BINTI BAHARI

NO. MATRIK:               10QIP10F2048
KELAS:                      QIP 5A
TARIKH LAHIR:            10/10/1989
CITA-CITA:                GURU
HOBI:                        MELAYARI INTERNET    

                                                  NOR IZWANIS bt rosli

NO. MATRIK:                10QIP10F2082
KELAS:                       QIP 5A
TARIKH LAHIR:             17/09/1990
CITA-CITA:                 PENDIDIK
HOBI:                        MEMBACA

                                 NOR SHAHIDA BINTI ABDUL RASHID

NO. MATRIK:                 10QIP10F2087
KELAS:                        QIP 5A

TARIKH LAHIR:              17/08/1989
CITA-CITA          :       GURU 
HOBI:                        MEMBACA NOVEL

kesilapan teknikal....Perubahan!!!!

setelah di fikir,dikaji,diselidik,disemak,dikupas dan dipratis...akhirnya kumpln kitorgn...dan mndapat kta sepakat lagi membawa berkat.....supaya nm group kitaorang ni ditukarkan kpda...nm blog terbaekuntukosos...
ha nak tau pe psal tkr ke nma cm gitu????
ha...tula..korang nak bgtau....!!
sebenarnya ada la slh sorang mmbr kitaorang ni....mlm kebila entah...dia syok tgh layan....satu lagu...
layan punya layan.....dia pon hafal la...bukan hafal lagu...tapi hafal tajuk lagu....haha.....
tau tajuk lagu tu apa????
tajuk lagu tu ni la....terbaik untuk mu......terbaik x????
so...dia sms tadi n gtau letak nm blog terbaik untuk osos...(mu tu tkar ke osos darrr)
so...nk bg kreatif lagi kmi yg inovatif ni...hehe....ubah la ejaan terbaik tu jadik terbaek.....wokkk.... korang....dh tonight ni......esok dah morning...ptg sok dh evening.....harp2 cuaca sok skymorning....korang jgn duk fening2 ye apa dilalutkan lu...

Sunday, 24 July 2011


Assalamualaikum dan salam satu malaysia...
blog ini adalah blog pertama ditubuhkan khas untuk pelajar kelas QIP5A
yang diminta oleh lecturer subjek osos..bukan sos ye....osos tu(open source of operating system)
blog ini diberi nama 4N group,
kenapa memilih 4N???cer pikir..cer pikir...
ateq udah dapat ke belum jawapannyer...
ermmm...ish lambat la kome ni...
bukannyer ape...!!!
ini kerana ahli group ini terdiri daripada 4 pelajar yang bermula dengan huruf N
seperti iaitu Nadzirah,Norshahida,Nur izwanis,dan Norsheila..
blog-blog ini akan digunakan untuk pembelajaran je...
hok len kita cete lain....hehe sekian tuk ucapan saya selaku pencoteng blog ni...
wasalam...jumpa dihari dan waktu yg sma...
sekian wasalammmm.....